Jamb Biology likely Questions and answers 2024/2025

Jamb Biology likely Questions and answers 2024/2025

As a student preparing for the 2024 Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board examination, you want to adequately prepare to maximize your chances of success. The biology section of the exam will likely contain questions testing your knowledge and understanding of concepts learned throughout your secondary education. Reviewing potential questions and answers in biology can help build your confidence and readiness to tackle whatever may appear on the exam.

Jamb Biology likely Questions and answers

In this article, I will provide a comprehensive list of likely biology questions and answers that may appear in the 2024 JAMB examination based on previous years’ trends and current syllabus. Going through these questions and answers will expose you to the scope and depth of knowledge expected for the biology section of the exam. With diligent study and practice of these materials, you will develop mastery of biology concepts and stand a better chance of excelling in that section of the JAMB examination.

Here are likely Biology questions and answers for 2024/2025 JAMB:

  1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of living things?
    • Response to stimuli
    • Growth and development
    • Reproduction
    • Movement
    • Ability to make food
  • The answer is Ability to make food. Only plants can make their own food through photosynthesis. Animals cannot make their own food and depend on plants or other animals for food.
  1. Which of the following is not a part of a plant cell?
    • Cell wall
    • Cytoplasm
    • Nucleus
    • Vacuole
    • Mitochondria
  • The answer is Cell membrane. The cell membrane is a part of an animal cell, not a plant cell.
  1. Which of the following is not a type of tissue in the human body?
    • Epithelial tissue
    • Connective tissue
    • Muscle tissue
    • Nervous tissue
    • Blood
  • The answer is Blood. Blood is a fluid connective tissue.
  1. Which of the following is not a part of the respiratory system?
    • Nose
    • Trachea
    • Lungs
    • Heart
    • Bronchioles
  • The answer is Heart. The heart is part of the circulatory system, not the respiratory system.
  1. Which of the following is not a type of reproduction in plants?
    • Sexual reproduction
    • Asexual reproduction
    • Budding
    • Fragmentation
    • Spore formation
  • The answer is Sexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction is the only type of reproduction in animals. Plants can reproduce asexually through budding, fragmentation, or spore formation.

These are just a few of the likely Biology questions that may be asked in the 2024/2025 JAMB exam. The best way to prepare for the exam is to study the JAMB syllabus thoroughly and practice with past questions.

Here are some additional tips for preparing for the JAMB Biology exam:

  • Make sure you understand the basic concepts of Biology.
  • Learn the terminologies used in Biology.
  • Practice with past questions.
  • Join a study group or get a tutor to help you with your studies.
  • Stay calm and focused on the day of the exam.

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Overview of Biology Topics Likely to Appear on JAMB 2024/2025

As an aspiring JAMB candidate, it is important to have an overview of the biology topics likely to appear on JAMB 2024/2025. This will help you know where to focus your studies and prepare adequately for the exam.

Cells and Cell Division

Understanding cell structure and functions as well as mitosis and meiosis cell division processes are fundamental to grasping key biology concepts. Study the structure and functions of organelles in plant and animal cells. Also, understand the phases of mitosis and meiosis, the importance of each stage, and how they differ.


Evolution explains the origin of living things and their adaptations to the environment. Know natural selection, adaptation, speciation, evidence of evolution, Lamarck’s theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics, and Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection.


Genetics focuses on the study of heredity and how traits are passed from parents to offspring. Understand Mendel’s laws of inheritance, the structure of DNA and RNA, protein synthesis, and the basic principles of heredity. Study pedigree analysis, genetic disorders, sex determination, and genetic engineering.


Ecology examines how living things interact with each other and with the environment. Study food chains and webs, trophic levels, ecological pyramids, nutrient cycling, habitat factors, intra- and inter-specific interactions, biodiversity, succession, and human activities affecting the ecosystem.

With diligent study of these topics, you will boost your chances of excelling in the JAMB UTME biology test. Stay focused, understand concepts, do lots of practice questions, get enough rest, and go into the exam with confidence. You’ve got this!

Sample Questions and Model Answers on Cell Biology and Genetics

As a Biology teacher, helping students prepare for important exams like JAMB is crucial. In this section, I will provide sample questions and model answers focused on the topics of Cell Biology and Genetics to help build familiarity with the format and content of questions in these areas.

What is the basic structural and functional unit of life?

The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. Cells are the smallest units that can carry out all the necessary functions of life.

What are the two main categories of cells?

The two main categories of cells are:

  1. Prokaryotic cells: These cells lack a defined nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Bacteria are examples of prokaryotic cells.
  2. Eukaryotic cells: These cells have a defined nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Plants, animals, fungi, and protists have eukaryotic cells.

What are the three parts of a nucleotide?

The three parts of a nucleotide are:

  1. Nitrogenous base: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine (DNA), Uracil (RNA)
  2. Pentose sugar: Deoxyribose (DNA), Ribose (RNA)
  3. Phosphate group

Nucleotides are the basic structural units of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA which store and transmit genetic information in living organisms.

In summary, familiarity with the structure of cells, the types of cells, the parts of a nucleotide, and the role of nucleotides will help in answering related questions on the JAMB Biology exam. With practice, these foundational concepts will become second nature.

Sample Questions and Model Answers on Ecology

As an aspiring Jamb candidate, preparing for the Biology section of the exam is crucial. To give you an idea of what to expect, I have provided some sample questions and model answers on the topic of Ecology:

Sample Question 1: Explain the meaning of ecological niche.

The ecological niche refers to the role or position of an organism within an ecosystem. It encompasses the organism’s habitat, how it interacts with other species, and its functional role within the community. The niche includes factors such as the food an organism eats, how and where it reproduces, shelter, temperature, and availability of resources. No two species can occupy the exact same ecological niche in a habitat.

Sample Question 2: Describe three types of ecological pyramids.

There are three main types of ecological pyramids:

  1. Pyramid of numbers: Represents the number of organisms at each trophic level in a food chain. The base is the largest, with decreasing numbers at higher levels.
  2. Pyramid of biomass: Depicts the total biomass (weight) of organisms at each trophic level. The base is the largest, with decreasing biomass at higher levels due to energy loss.
  3. Pyramid of energy: Shows the amount of energy available at each trophic level. The base has the maximum energy, with decreasing amounts at higher levels due to energy loss during transfer between levels.

Sample Question 3: Explain the factors that affect population growth.

Several factors influence the growth of a population:

  • Birth rate: The number of births per population size over a given period of time. A higher birth rate leads to faster population growth.
  • Death rate: The number of deaths per population size over a given period of time. A lower death rate results in faster population growth.
  • Immigration: The number of individuals moving into a population from other areas. This adds to the population size and increases growth.
  • Emigration: The number of individuals moving out of a population to other areas. This reduces the population size and slows down growth.
  • Carrying capacity: The maximum population size that can be sustained in a habitat based on the availability of resources and space. Population growth levels off as it approaches the carrying capacity.
  • Resource availability: The amount of resources such as food, water, and shelter that can support a population. More available resources enable faster population growth.


Sample Questions and Model Answers on Evolution, Classification and Diversity

As a JAMB candidate, you need to prepare adequately for questions on Evolution, Classification and Diversity. Here are some sample questions and model answers to help you in your preparation:

What is evolution?

Evolution is the gradual development of new species from pre-existing species over long periods of time through natural selection acting on random mutations and variations. Natural selection is the mechanism by which organisms with traits well-suited to their environment tend to survive and reproduce more than those less suited. Over many generations, natural selection can result in adaptations that make organisms better suited to their environments.

Explain the theories of evolution proposed by Lamarck and Darwin.

Lamarck proposed the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics, stating that organisms can pass on traits they acquire during their lifetime to their offspring. For example, he believed that giraffes evolved long necks through generations of stretching to reach leaves high up in trees. This theory has been disproven.

Darwin proposed the theory of natural selection. He observed that organisms produce more offspring than can survive and reproduce given the constraints of food, space, and other resources in the environment. He proposed that organisms with traits that help them better adapt to their environment will survive and reproduce at a higher rate. Over generations, natural selection results in changes in the inherited characteristics of a population, allowing species to adapt to their environment. Darwin’s theory of natural selection is the foundation of modern evolutionary theory.

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity refers to the variety of living species on Earth, including plants, animals, fungi, protists, bacteria, and all other living things. It encompasses diversity within and between species and ecosystems. Biodiversity is vital for supporting life on Earth, as each species plays an important role within ecosystems. The loss of biodiversity through human activity is an ongoing concern and threatens the health of our planet.

In summary, studying evolution, classification and diversity will equip you with foundational knowledge for Biology. I hope these sample questions and model answers provide guidance in your preparation for JAMB. Best of luck!

Tips and Strategies for Tackling JAMB Biology in 2024/2025

To prepare for the JAMB Biology exam in 2024/2025, I have some tips and strategies to share based on my experience.

Start studying early

Don’t wait until the last minute to start studying. Begin at least 4 to 6 months before the exam to review all the Biology topics and content that could be tested. Work through practice questions and past papers to get comfortable with the format and experience. Starting early will ensure you have enough time to learn and memorize everything thoroughly.

Focus on understanding concepts

It is not enough to just memorize facts and terms. Make sure you understand the core concepts and how ideas relate to each other. Understanding the concepts will allow you to apply your knowledge to new contexts and answer questions you have never seen before. Draw diagrams and mind maps to visualize the connections between topics.

Practice consistently

Practice a little bit each day to keep the information fresh in your mind. Work through practice questions, especially multiple-choice and short-answer questions. Review mistakes and learn from them. Take mock exams to build up your endurance and experience. Consistent practice will boost your confidence and performance on the actual exam day.

Manage your time

The JAMB Biology exam covers a lot of content in a limited amount of time. Learn how to budget your time for each question and section. Don’t spend too long on any one question. Guess if needed and move on. Be very familiar with the exam format and layout to avoid surprises. Time management is key to attempting all required questions.

Stay positive and focused

Try not to feel overwhelmed by the amount of content. Break it down into manageable chunks and celebrate small wins along the way. Stay focused on your goals and maintain a positive mindset. Getting enough rest and taking breaks when needed will help keep you motivated and productive during your studying sessions. You can do well on this exam if you prepare properly!

With diligent preparation following these tips and strategies, you will feel ready to achieve your best on the JAMB Biology exam. Stay determined and keep your eyes on the goal ahead. You’ve got this!


Overall, this article has provided an overview of the most likely biology questions and answers that may appear in the 2024/2025 JAMB examination. As an aspiring JAMB candidate, studying and practicing these questions will boost your confidence and chances of success. With hard work and determination, you can achieve your goal of gaining admission into your university of choice to pursue your dream course of study. Remember that JAMB questions are often repeated from previous years so focus on understanding concepts and theories rather than just memorizing answers. I wish you the very best in your preparations and in the examination. You have the potential to succeed – now go make it happen!