Jamb Geography Questions and answers 2024

Jamb Geography Questions and answers

Jamb Geography likely Questions and answers 2024

As you prepare for the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board Examination (JAMB) in 2024, you need to develop a strategic study plan to optimize your performance. A key part of your preparation should focus on the Geography component of the exam. Geography is one of the compulsory subjects in JAMB that you must pass to gain admission into any Nigerian university.

Jamb Geography Questions and answers 2024

Many students find the Geography questions in JAMB challenging due to the broad scope of topics and the critical thinking required. Read Also: How to Upgrade 2024 JAMB Results and Gain Admission This Year

This article provides likely Geography questions and suggested answers that may appear in the 2024 JAMB exam based on past trends. Reviewing these questions and model answers will boost your knowledge and confidence in tackling the Geography section. With diligent preparation using these resources, you can achieve an excellent score in the Geography component of JAMB and increase your chances of gaining admission into your desired university program.

Here are some likely questions and answers for the JAMB Geography exam:

  • Question: Which of the following is a feature of a rejuvenated drainage system?

  • Answer: A rejuvenated drainage system is one that has been revived or activated after a period of inactivity. This can happen due to a number of factors, such as a change in the underlying geology or a change in the climate. Some features of a rejuvenated drainage system include:

    • Deeper and steeper valleys
    • More numerous tributaries
    • Waterfalls
    • Incised meanders
  • Question: Which of the following rock types is non-sedimentary?

  • Answer: Non-sedimentary rocks are those that are not formed from the accumulation of sediments. They can be formed from the cooling of magma or lava, the precipitation of minerals from solution, or the transformation of existing rocks. Some examples of non-sedimentary rocks include:

    • Igneous rocks
    • Metamorphic rocks
    • Sedimentary rocks
  • Question: Plants takes up mineral nutrients in solution from the soil. Some of these are required in large quantities while others are needed in small quantities. Which of these is required in small quantities?

  • Answer: The mineral nutrients that are required in small quantities are called micronutrients. They include iron, copper, zinc, manganese, boron, molybdenum, and chlorine. These nutrients are essential for plant growth, but they are only needed in small amounts.

  • Question: Two factors which together cause the varying length of day and night are?

  • Answer: The two factors that together cause the varying length of day and night are the tilt of the Earth’s axis and the Earth’s orbit around the sun. The Earth’s axis is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees relative to the plane of its orbit around the sun. This tilt causes the sun’s rays to strike the Earth’s surface at different angles throughout the year. When the Earth’s axis is tilted towards the sun, the days are longer and the nights are shorter in the Northern Hemisphere. When the Earth’s axis is tilted away from the sun, the days are shorter and the nights are longer in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • Question: When one looks at a soil profile, the first characteristic to be notice is soil?

  • Answer: The first characteristic to be noticed in a soil profile is the O horizon. The O horizon is the top layer of the soil and is made up of organic matter. The O horizon is important for plant growth because it provides nutrients and helps to retain moisture.

These are just a few of the likely questions that you may be asked in the JAMB Geography exam. It is important to study the material thoroughly and practice answering questions from past exams. This will help you to improve your chances of success. Read Also: How to Answer Jamb Questions

I hope this helps!

Overview of JAMB Geography Exam Format and Question Types

To prepare for the JAMB Geography exam, it is important to understand the format and types of questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

The majority of the 100 questions on the exam will be multiple choice with four options and only one correct answer. These questions may require analyzing graphs, maps, diagrams or other visuals to determine the answer. Some will be based on concepts and terms covered in the JAMB Geography syllabus. Review all course materials thoroughly.

Short Answer Questions

There will also be a few short answer questions requiring a written response of a few sentences. These questions aim to assess your ability to articulate concepts and provide examples. Be prepared to define key terms and discuss geographic patterns or processes. Provide specific examples to support your answers.

Map Reading and Interpretation

You will need to demonstrate strong map reading and analysis skills. Some questions will require interpreting maps to determine locations, distances, directions or features. Review important map elements like the legend, compass rose, scale and contours. Practice reading different types of maps: political, physical, economic, etc.

With adequate preparation and practice of these question types and content, you will build the necessary knowledge and skills to perform well on the JAMB Geography exam. Diligently study all course materials, work through practice questions, and you will be ready to achieve a high score. Best of luck!

2024 JAMB Geography Likely Questions and Model Answers on Map Reading

To excel in the 2024 JAMB Geography exam, you must have a firm grasp of map reading and interpretation. This section provides likely questions on map reading and model answers to guide your preparation.

Map Scales

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Map scales depict the relationship between distances on a map and the actual ground distances. Likely questions may include:

  1. Define the term map scale.

Map scale refers to the ratio of map distance to ground distance. It shows how much the real world has been reduced to fit on the map.

  1. Mention two types of map scales.
  2. Representative fraction (e.g. 1:50,000)
  3. Statement scale (e.g. 1 cm to 5 km)

Contour Lines

Contour lines join points of equal elevation on a map. Questions may include:

  1. Explain the purpose of contour lines on a map.

Contour lines show the shape and elevation of the land surface. They are used to represent the three-dimensional shape of the terrain on a two-dimensional map.

  1. Describe how to determine the slope of an area from contour lines.

Closely spaced contour lines represent a steep slope, while widely spaced lines show a gentle slope. The direction the contour lines are pointing shows whether the slope is facing uphill or downhill.

Map Keys and Symbols

Map keys explain the meaning of symbols used on the map. Likely questions include:

  1. Why are map keys important?

Map keys are essential for correctly interpreting the information on a map. They explain the meaning of the symbols, colors, and patterns used to represent physical and human features. Without a map key, the map would be difficult to understand.

In summary, to excel in the map reading components of the 2024 JAMB Geography exam, study the topics of map scales, contour lines, map keys, and common map symbols. Master their meanings and applications to accurately read and interpret geographical maps.


2024 JAMB Geography Expected Essay Topics and Sample Responses

To prepare for the 2024 JAMB Geography exam, it is important to study the types of essay questions that may appear on the test and practice responses. Reviewing sample essay responses from previous years can help in developing strategies to answer similar questions that may come up on the 2024 exam.

Population Distribution and Density

JAMB often asks candidates to discuss the factors influencing the distribution and density of the population in a given area. Possible responses could include:

  • Availability of natural resources and economic opportunities: People tend to settle in areas with fertile land, fresh water, and job prospects.
  • Climate and vegetation: Mild weather and availability of vegetation suitable for shelter and food attract human settlement.
  • Transport and communication: Areas with access to transportation and trade networks are likely to have a higher population density.
  • Historical factors: Locations that have been inhabited for a long time due to trade, religion or administrative importance tend to remain densely populated.

Rural-Urban Migration

Another common essay topic is the causes and consequences of migration from rural to urban areas. You could discuss:

  • Push factors in rural areas like poverty, lack of jobs, and scarce resources that drive people out.
  • Pull factors attracting migrants to cities such as employment opportunities, access to amenities, and higher living standards.
  • Challenges resulting from rapid urbanization like unemployment, housing shortages, increased poverty and pollution.
  • Benefits of urbanization including economic growth, improved access to healthcare and education.


Desertification refers to land degradation in arid and semi-arid areas due to human activity and climate change. Possible essay responses could cover:

  • Causes of desertification including overgrazing, deforestation, unsustainable farming practices, and drought.
  • Effects such as loss of agricultural land, food insecurity, poverty, and biodiversity loss.
  • Solutions like reforestation, renewable energy, water conservation and sustainable land management practices.

Following the guidance provided, combine key terms and responses to anticipated questions, discuss the major points in a professional, informative tone for the target audience. The assistant aims for an 8th to 12th grade reading level, uses double spacing and numbered lists for easy readability, and avoids creating new facts, keeping responses generic.

Predicting the 2024 JAMB Geography Objective Questions

To prepare for the 2024 JAMB Geography objective questions, it is prudent to study past questions and anticipate the themes that are likely to feature prominently.

Past Exam Papers

Review past JAMB Geography objective questions from the last 10-15 years. Analyze the trends in the topics and concepts that have frequently appeared. Some of the themes that routinely feature include:

  • Map reading and interpretation. Candidates can expect questions on identifying and interpreting features on topographical maps, weather maps, political maps, etc.
  • Natural resources. Questions on the location, characteristics and uses of resources such as water, forests, minerals, and energy sources often come up.
  • Settlement patterns. Candidates may encounter questions on factors influencing the location and distribution of rural and urban settlements.
  • Population. Issues around population growth, distribution, migration, and dynamics are a common fixture.
  • Agriculture. Questions on types of farming, factors affecting agricultural productivity, major crops and farming practices may be asked.
  • Economic geography. Questions on trade, transport, manufacturing and other economic activities are frequently tested.
  • Regional geography. Questions about the physical, human, and economic attributes of Nigeria’s geographical regions are routinely included.

Anticipating 2024 Questions

Given the recency and relevance of events, candidates can expect questions around:

  • Impact of COVID-19 on human activities and natural environment.
  • Effects of recent conflicts and insurgencies on human geography.
  • Consequences of climate change such as flooding, desertification, coastal erosion on the environment.
  • Current affairs around natural resource management, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, transportation, etc.

With diligent study of past questions and current geographical themes, candidates can build a solid foundation to tackle whatever objective questions come up in the 2024 JAMB Geography exam. Consistent practice of these questions in the months leading up to the exam will also boost candidates’ speed, accuracy and confidence.

Tips and Strategies for Excelling in JAMB Geography in 2024

To excel in JAMB Geography in 2024, here are some tips and strategies to keep in mind:

Focus on key topics

Concentrate your studies on the most important and frequently tested topics in the JAMB syllabus such as map reading, natural vegetation, population, weather and climate, and natural resources. Spend extra time understanding concepts and theories related to these topics.

Practice with past questions

Work through past JAMB Geography questions to get familiar with the format and scope of questions. This will give you an idea of what to expect in the exam and build up your speed and accuracy in answering questions.

Read recommended texts

Read recommended geography textbooks to gain a broad and in-depth knowledge of physical and human geography. Some recommended texts include “Fundamentals of Physical Geography” by Petersen, Sack and Gabler and “Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts” by de Blij, Muller and Zelinsky.

Develop map reading skills

Spend time studying different types of maps – topographic maps, thematic maps, political maps, etc. Practice interpreting symbols and data on maps to build strong map reading, analysis and interpretation skills. These skills will be useful for the map reading section of the exam.

Practice essay writing

Prepare for the essay component of the exam by practicing essay writing on various geography topics. Pay attention to structure, content, and proper expression of ideas. Time yourself to get used to writing under pressure within the time limits of the exam.

Preparing well by focusing your efforts on the key areas outlined above will significantly increase your chances of excelling in the JAMB Geography exam. With diligent study and consistent practice, you will build mastery of geography concepts, strong map reading skills, and the ability to think analytically – all of which are essential to success in this exam.

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In conclusion, with diligent preparation and practice, you can master the art of answering likely JAMB Geography questions. Staying up to date with current events, studying past questions and answers, and practicing regularly will boost your confidence and performance. While the questions may vary from year to year, the core topics remain largely the same. With hard work and persistence, you can achieve your goal of success in the exam. Stay focused on your objectives, believe in yourself, and keep practicing. You’ve got this! Success is within your reach if you put in the necessary effort. Now get to work and make your JAMB dreams a reality.