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Volcanic intrusion is a process by which molten rocks and gases from below the earth’s crust are forced into cracks and joints within the earth crust where they solidify
Characteristics of Block Mountains:
(i) Time taken for formation: The formation of a block mountain takes place all of a sudden.
(ii) Altitude: Block mountains are lower in height compared to fold mountains.
(iii) Summit: The top portion or summit of block mountains are flat.
(iv) Slope of the land: They have steep slopes on all sides.
(v) Rift Valley/Graben: Block mountains or horsts have rift valleys or grabens lying adjacent to them.
(vi) Extent: Block mountains are not as widespread the fold mountains.
(vii) Rocks: Block mountains are made up of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
(viii) Tectonic movement: Block mountains are formed as a result of epeirogenic movement.
Formation of Block Mountains:
Block Mountains are formed when two tectonic plates move away from each other causing cracks on the surface of the Earth. When parallel cracks or faults occur, the strip of land or the block of land between them may be raised resulting in the formation of block mountains. The upward block is called a horst.
OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS
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(i) Road Transportation
(ii) Rail Transportation
(iii) Water Transportation
(iv) Air Transportation
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) To supply raw materials to other parts of the country e.g East African railway.
(ii) To link important cities and facilitate movement of people e.g. Abidjan Ouagadougou.
(iii) To link different regions, thus, promoting inter-regional trade e.g. North and South of Nigeria.
(iv) To open up new areas for major crop production e.g Jos- Maiduguri
(v)To tap resources such as agricultural,mineral and forest. For example , rail network such as Minna,Laura Namoda rail network.
(vi) For the purpose of administration.
(vii) For postal services.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i)Deliberate effort should be made towards the expansion of the Raul network ,inorder to generate growth in the economy. Effort should be geared towards improvement of the efficiency of the rail network
(ii) Government should make capital available to railway authorities to enhance efficiency. Training and retraining of personnel should be undertaken from time to time
(iii) Development of international rail transport system should be embarked upon to spur international trade. There should be improved management techniques: new innovations in management should be encouraged.
(iv)Adoption of standard gauges is very important , so as to enhance operational efficiency.Also There should be Faster engines and coaches to facilitate east and quick movement.
(v)There should be embarkment to check steep gradients, uniform gauges should be adopted, double tracks should be constructed and There should also be improved communication system.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) A small labour force made up of mainly the family members is employed
(ii) Small quantities of articles are produced
(iii)Less capital intensive
(iv)Irregular hours of work
(v) Prices of products are negotiable as it uses simple tools
(vi)Irregular income and uses local raw materials mainly.
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) The Local Craft industries are often affected by lack of raw materials which hinders the production.
(ii) Poor patronage from the indigenes as a result of poor finishing and low purchasing power.
(iii) Lack of modern equipment to reduce the physical human labour in order to increase production.
(iv) Problem of transportation to bring the finished products from where that are produced in the interior to the markets in the urban centers.
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i)High level of technology: The increase for high volume of trade between developing and advanced countries is due to the high level of technology in the latter.
(ii)High level of savings: The high level of savings in developed countries makes production cheaper; hence they can easily export their products to developing countries.
(iii)Colonial ties: The inclination of some developing countries to their colonial masters has helped to increase the volume of trade between the nations.
(iv)Differences in import duties: There are higher differences in import duties imposed on imported goods in both countries.
(v)Differences in prices of goods: There are higher differences in prices of goods produced by both countries in order to earn foreign exchange. Foreign goods are cheaper than local ones.
(vi)Preference for imported goods: Developing countries like Nigeria has preference for goods produced by advanced countries; hence, the high volume of trades
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) Root and tuber crops
(iv) Cash crop
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i)It is very common in rural areas with abundant farmlands.
(ii) It involves small holdings of farmlands.
(iii) Food crops like yam, cassava and maize are grown.
(iv)Farmlands are left to fallow after one or two years of cultivation.
(v) A farmer returns to the farmland after a fallow period of 2-5 years.
(vi) It uses slash or burn method for land preparations.
(vii) It does not involve the cultivation of cash crops like cocoa, rubber and oil palm.
(viii)Bush fallowing is practised where population is very low.
(ix) Produce is usually very low and there is little or none for sale.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) It leads to wastage of land which could have been used by allowing it to lie fallow.
(ii) It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population.
(iii)It allows for cultivation of only one seasonal crops like maize,rice and millet.
(iv) It does not lead to mechanisation of farms i.e it does not allow for large scale mechanised farming.
(v)It results in poor yield resulting from shorter fallow period as population.
(vi)It leads to soil erosion when soil is exhausted and it destroys valuable forest resources like timber.
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WAEC Geography Objectives Questions and Answers
1. Villages develop into urban centres when they ____
A. attract more people
B. produce enough food
C. establish educational institutions
D. grow in commerce and industry.
2. By how many times will a map measuring 12cm by 7cm be enlarged to make its area 336cm2?
B. Three times
C. Four times
D. Five times.
3. Eluviation is the process by which _______
A. Soluble substances are removed from the upper layers of the soil
B. soluble substances are deposited in the upper layers of the soil
C. fine particles are removed from one layer of the soil to another
D. fine particles are deposited in the upper layers of the soil.
4. Transhumance is the seasonal migration of livestock ______
A. from the lowlands to the uplands
B. from the north to the south following the rains
C. in the semiarid steppes
D. in search of water and pasture.
5. Variations in the lengths of day and night over the earth’s surface are due to the _____
A. earth’s inclination to the sun and its revolution
B. earth’s inclination to the sun and its rotation
C. length of the earth’s orbit
D. thickness of the earth’s atmosphere.
6. The progressive widening of joints and cracks in limestone by solutions, initially leads to the formation of ______
A. grikes and clints
B. stalactites and stalagmites
C. caves and caverns
D. cliffs and dry valleys.
7. When condensation occurs in a rising air mass, latent heat is _____
A. absorbed by carbon dioxide
B. lost to the atmosphere
C. stored in the water molecules
D. released as sensible heat.
8. Two cloud types of great vertical extent that produce much rainfall are _____
A. cumulus and stratus
B. cumulus and cumulo-nimbus
C. cumulo-nimbus and nimbostratus
D. strato-cumulus and nimbo-stratus.
9. The cheapest means of transport for long distance travel is by _____
10. If the distance between two points on a map with scale 1: 50,000 is 35mm, what is the distance between them on the ground?
A. 1.50 km
B. 1.55 km
C. 1.75 km
D. 1.85 km.
11. If a map has a scale of 1: 50,000 and a cocoa plantation is represented on the map by a rectangle 5 cm by 4 cm, what is the area of the plantation?
A. 5 km2
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12. On which of the following pairs of dates is the length of day and night equal on the earth’s surface?
A. June 21st and September 21st
B. March 22nd and December 22nd
C. June 21st and December 22nd
D. March 21st and September 23rd.
13. Lakes formed as a result of landslides, screes or avalanches are known as _____
A. man-made lakes
B. barrier lakes
C. caldera lakes
D. rock-hollow lakes.
14. Which of the following is a major environmental problem in heavily industrialized regions?
A. Accelerated erosion
B. Water pollution
C. Frost damage
D. acid rain.
15. The crossing of a boundary between two countries by a migrant is best described as ____
D. international migration.
16. A process whereby a plant community is replaced by another is known as ________
17. The duration of sunshine is measured by the ______
A. aneroid barometer
B. Campbell-Stokes recorder
D. minimum-maximum thermometers.
18. Quartz, feldspar and mica are three principal minerals that can easily be seen in _____
19. The rock with the least carbon content is ______
20. The process by which organic matter is decomposed and synthesized to form part of the soil is known as ______
21. Which of the following groups consists of energy resources?
A. Petroleum, uranium and manganese
B. Coal, bauxite and uranium
C. Water, copper and sun
D. Coal, petroleum and water.
22. A piece of evidence that confirms that the earth is spherical is _______
A. Standard time
B. solar system
C. earth’s orbit
D. moon’s eclipse.
23. A tremendous pressure or temperature change may lead to the formation of ______
24. Which of the following sources of power supply is renewable?
25. Hygrometer is used to measure ______
B. wind direction
C. relative humidity
26. The largest ocean in the world is the _______
A. Atlantic Ocean
B. Indian Ocean
C. Arctic Ocean
D. Pacific Ocean.
27. Rock minerals are said to be crystalline when the atoms forming them are _______
A. found in sedimentary rocks
B. found in crystalline rocks
C. arranged in definite pattern
D. arranged vertically.
28. The difference in time between two longitudes is approximately ______
A. 15 hours
B. 40 minutes
C. 4 hours
D. 4 minutes.
29. A slope is said to be even when the contours are _________
A. equally spaced
C. closely spaced
D. irregularly spaced.
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WAEC Geography Questions and Answers Essay and Objectives 2024 (Expo)
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These questions are strictly for practice. The 2024 WAEC Geography expo will be posted on this page on the day of the WAEC Geography examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.
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Tips to Help You Pass Your 2024 WAEC Geography Examination
Tip 1: Study Hard
It is a known fact that academic success is directly proportional to hardwork provided prayer is kept constant. Read your books as if it is the only thing you have to do while preparing for your WAEC examination.